The areas That make up this area are inseparable from the conventional Subak irrigation system – a conventional method preserved for hundreds of years and passed down through generations. This is neighborhood wisdom at its best. Indeed, Bali is blessed with 150 rivers and streams that provide water all year round to irrigate this most important staple. Nevertheless, irrigation Bali Subak Rice Irrigationareas wouldn’t be successful unless man also has a hand in it. Uniquely, Bali’s complex irrigation system has its origins not by order of kings, but its direction is very much from the hands of the villagers through the village cooperatives.
Since farmers depend on the effective irrigation of the areas, the various Subaks form an inextricable link which unites into one system. In the bottom level, every farmer is a member of a subak, whose rice fields are fed from one dam. The head of the Subak, known as the Klian Subak is chosen by its members. In the bigger Subak which are fed by a channel, the lowest level is known as the tempek. The Subaks, in turn are connected to mountain forests or Pura Masceti, which comes under the sway of one of 2 Lake temples, these are the Pura Batu Kau which overlooks irrigation in West Bali, also Pura Ulun Danu on Lake Beratan, which overlooks the north, east and south west of Bali.
Water temples hold festivals each 105 days, corresponding to the 105 days of the rice growing season in Bali. This cycle also determines the time of closing and opening of canal sluices, ensuring plantings are staggered and that water is allocated in the most effective and equitable manner. The goddess of Rice is known as Bhatari or Dewi Sri, the mother of Rice. As the Indonesian archipelago’s staple food, Dewi Sri isn’t just revered in Bali, but additionally on Java along with other rice producing islands. By combining sacred traditional values with an extremely Organized system, consequently, the Subak, the distinctive Balinese rice farming civilization isa manifestation of the Balinese Tri Hita Karana’s cosmological doctrine. It’s the tangible reflection of the first Balinese ideas and beliefs which are basically rooted in this concept, namely the consciousness that human beings must always maintain a harmonious relationship between Man and God, Man and fellow humans, and also between Man and Nature in one’s daily life. Such particular concept is in fact evident from the Balinese creative genius and distinctive cultural traditions resulting from the long human interaction, particularly between the Balinese and the Roman civilization. Whether such as agriculture, heritage or nature, Jatiluwih along with other rice fields in Bali stay important sites which should be preserved and must stay sustainable for future generations.